Inpatient & Outpatient Rehab
When it comes to getting sober, no single treatment method is a fit for everyone.
Individuals attempting to overcome substance abuse after severe or prolonged use often do well to consider inpatient treatment. One obvious benefit offered by a residential treatment program is around-the-clock access to a professional staff. Because withdrawal can be painful and dangerous, extra supervision can be beneficial in multiple ways. What is the ideal length of stay for inpatient treatment? A 2009 study supported by the National Institutes of Health found that length of stay was the most important factor that predicted positive treatment outcomes. Longer treatment stays yield the following benefits:
- More post-detox treatment – People who spend several weeks withdrawing physically may need time to work out psychological and emotional aspects of their addictions.
- Brain recalibration – It takes a minimum of 90 days for the brain to heal enough to begin thinking clearly, which is essential for avoiding relapse.
- Opportunity to practice – Reentering society quickly can be overwhelming and trigger relapse.
- Time for new habits take root – People who practice a recovery lifestyle including attending support group meetings, talking with a sponsor or therapist and building sober friendships will be more secure in their recovery outside of the structure of rehab.
Regardless of how long you stay, most programs include the following components as part of treatment:
- Physical assessment
- Psychological assessment
- Individual therapy
- Peer therapy in a group setting
- Physical fitness
- Nutritional counseling
- Alternative approaches such as acupuncture and massage
- Visits to local 12-Step programs that can help you walk out the recovery process
- Aftercare planning
Individuals who are not heavily addicted may be a good fit for outpatient programs. Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOPs) supply support to fight addiction without requiring individuals to drop work and family commitments. They typically last for 60 to 90 days and offer additional benefits that include the following:
- Regular content with a support structure
- Ability to maintain head-of-household functioning
- Freedom to keep a presence at school or work
- Treatment within driving distance of home
Like inpatient programs IOPs provide therapy to help individuals understand the emotional and psychological underpinnings of their addictions. Treatment usually takes place at a special recovery center and includes the following components:
- Counseling to identify emotional and mental issues behind the addiction
- Ongoing therapy to boost coping skills and prevent relapse
- Family therapy for affected loved ones
- Attending a 12-Step support group such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to correct faulty thinking and generate healthy emotions
- Spiritual guidance
Therapist’s Tool Belt
Ongoing support is critical to preventing relapse. In fact a study supported by the American Psychological Association shows that people with a variety of coping strategies stayed abstinent longer than other individuals with addictions. What are some therapy approaches that seem to go the distance? Four that the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) names as having strong empirical support include the following:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – Identifying and correcting problematic thinking results in changed behaviors that can stop drug abuse.
- Behavioral Couples Therapy – Committing to a sobriety contract and applying behavioral principles reinforces abstinence.
- Motivational Enhancement Therapy – Resolving ambivalence about treatment and drug use results in behavior change.
- 12-Step Facilitation Therapy – Connection to peer support through a 12-Step support group promotes abstinence.
Many individuals find that the best treatment program of all is one that contains elements from many different approaches. Professional help tailored to your specific needs can help you design a winning strategy for a healthy, drug free life.
Help for Addiction
If you or someone you love struggles with substance abuse, you are not alone. Admissions coordinators at our toll-free, 24 hour helpline can guide you to wellness. You never have to go back to a life of addiction. Start your recovery today.